The choice of the perfect acne scar cream and post-pimple marks / blemishes treatment is definitely a topic that arouses a lot of interest.
Often, those who have been scourged throughout their adolescence with acne, once defeated, find themselves having to struggle with the signs that this disease has left.
So, today, we will see:
1) What are the 10 best acne scar removal cream and / or best acne scar removal products (based on results, effectiveness, and scientific quality of the ingredients)
2) HOW to understand which acne scar product is the best for OUR situation
3) Indications to understand how to best use an acne scar cream
I know, it is not easy to face everyday dark or red marks. In the worst case, we will have to treat the famous “little holes” and the overproduction of skin.
Covering everything with foundation and concealers can become very stressful and, many times, the result is still not 100% satisfactory.
You may also like: the 15 best scar removal creams
But don’t worry: before giving up, know that cosmetics and dermatology are doing great strides and that, knowing what to use and what we are treating, improving the situation to the point of finding ourselves with completely new skin is possible.
This is why today we will see the 10 best acne scar creams in the world, based on results, effectiveness, and scientific quality of the ingredients.
Note that the ranking is constantly updated, so you will always find the best products and treatments!
Acne scar cream or Dark spots treatment?
Before seeing the best scar treatment products, I would like to make an important distinction.
A mistake that is made very frequently is to mistake dark pimple marks for real acne scars: the two are instead quite different and it is right that they are treated specifically.
The New York dermatologists Sejal Shah and Whitney Bowe, interviewed by Teenvogue, explained this well.
They underlined how the signs or spots, which can be red or brown / violet, remain on the surface of the skin. This is an alteration of the skin pigmentation due to the “trauma” of inflammation of the pimple during the skin repair process.
The real scars appear when the normal skin tissue is torn and replaced by fibrous tissue. When the damage caused by acne is serious enough, to protect itself the skin may respond by creating too much or too little tissue.
In the first case, scars created “emerging” from the skin (hypertrophic scars); the second case, however, causes what are famous as “little holes” (atrophic scars).
Dark spots, hypertrophic scars or atrophic scars
An acne mark or dark spot should be treated differently from an atrophic or hypertrophic scar.
When the marks on the skin are dark and long lasting, the goal is to appease the production of melanin and exfoliate the skin from dead and overproduction cells.
As we will see, dark spots are often treated using acne scar lighteners. They often rely on the active substance called ubiquinone.
For not too deep scars, both “concave” and “convex”, (e.g. what many cal “little holes”) attempts are made to gently remove dead cells of the superficial horny layer of the skin. In these cases, glycolic acid is usually recommended, which has good exfoliating properties.
If instead, we have to treat deeper acne scars, we will have to try to soften the scar, and at the same time to “communicate” to the skin to rearrange the collagen, distributing it evenly.
In this case, as we will see, the most important acne scar creams use silicone bases (with emollient effect) and peptides to deliver the message to the skin.
Acne scar cream [TOP 10]
In short, there are many products on the market, which will go more or less well depending on OUR type of requirement.
Today we will try to see the best acne scar creams and treatments, to meet all needs.
Acne scar treatment product (skin brightener)
PCA (Professional Grade Products) was founded in 1990 by an aesthetician and developed by a dermatologist. Today is a valuable company based in Scottsdale, Arizona.
The “Pigment gel” is a serum designed for fading blemishes and dark spots, controlling hyperpigmentation. It is therefore often recommended in the case of acne scars that have formed darker areas.
The active ingredients on which this serum is based are manifold, but the greatest effect certainly derives from Hydroquinone 2%.
This active ingredient carries out the therapeutic action through interaction with the tyrosinase enzyme involved in the synthesis of melanin. Over time, the lack of pigment production produces the desired lighting effect.
Like all phenols, high-dose hydroquinone has a toxic effect on cells. This can lead to the appearance of side effects such as dermatitis, skin cytotoxicity, irritation. This is why it is a treatment that has to be used with caution.
Hydroquinone is proven to be one of the most effective skin-lightening ingredients available but also one of the most controversial. It works by decreasing the formation of melanin, the pigment in your skin that gives it color.
The other active ingredients present in this serum are, for example, Lactic Acid, Azelaic Acid.
Azelaic acid exerts an inhibitory action against tyrosinase, a key enzyme for the synthesis of melanin; in this sense, it is active above all at the level of hyperactive melanocytes, while sparing normal ones. It is widely used in the treatment of melasma.
Azelaic acid is also considered an anti-acne, due to its bacteriostatic and bactericidal action against microorganisms that install the surface layers of the epidermis, causing the skin lesions characteristic of acne vulgaris.
Lactic acid is used as a regulator of the hydrolipidic balance of the skin. It has an exfoliating, disinfectant and renewing action, which is why it is ideal for acne-prone skin, it also helps make scars, dark spots and wrinkles less visible as it acts by stimulating aged and damaged skin to regenerate itself by promoting normal cell turnover.
Active Ingredient: Hydroquinone 2%. Other Ingredients: Water/Aqua/Eau, Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Water, SD Alcohol 40-B, Butylene Glycol, Lactic Acid, Azelaic Acid, Alcohol, Kojic Acid, Hydroxyethylcellulose, Phenylethyl Resorcinol, BHT, Glutathione, Silybum Marianum Fruit Extract.
A depigmenting serum for medical use. It includes a good anti-acne bactericidal properties, but the main feature is the good peeling and pigmentation regulation of the skin. At the same time, it manages to mask any skin irregularities.
I recommend following the directions of use. This is a professional grade product, with Hydroquinone 2% which is a strong lightening, that should be used with caution.
PCA SKIN – Pigment Gel – Price: $$$
Acne scar removal cream for kids
XScar Kids Silicone is an acne scar cream (for kids) capable of treating any type of scar.
It contains vitamin E that can help increase blood flow to scar tissues. It also contains rosehip seed oil, sunflower oil and shea butter. Antioxidants are not only excellent for skin aging. They also have properties to act on the scars.
Moreover, this cream contains dimethicone and glycerin. These two ingredients work in synergy to soften and moisturize the skin and make scars much less noticeable.
Note also the presence of Palmitoyl Tripeptide-1 and Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7. These peptides work in combination and serve to regulate the correct production of collagen in the skin. This turns out to be a particularly important process during acne healing.
Surprisingly, you can also find vitamin C in its ingredient list. This is one of the most potent vitamins you can use on your skin. It is known to help minimize skin hyperpigmentation and is ideal for treating scars.
Now, returning our cream, if you are asking about the effects, that will depend on the severity of your scars. But, usually, it can show results in 3 weeks, which coincides with the normal skin renewal rate of 27 days.
Water, Butylene Glycol, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Cetearyl Alcohol, Glyceryl Stearate, Dimethicone, Isopropyl Myristate, Glycerin, Ceteareth-20,Carbomer, Magnesium Ascorbyt Phosphate (vitamin C), Disodium EDTA, Argania Spinosa (Argan) Kernel Oil, Polyacrylate-13, Polyisobutene, Polysorbate 20, PEG-100 Stearate, Sodium Hyaluronate,Tocopherol (vitamin E), ‘Palmitoyl Tripeptide-1, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7, Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Leaf Extract, Chamomilla Recutita Flower Extract, Pyrus Malus (Apple) Fruit Extract, Triethanolamine, Phenoxyethanol, Caprylyl Glycol
A scar cream that works well on both old and new scars. However, if you are going to use it on an old scar, do not expect to see results immediately!
Excellent as acne scar cream, thanks to the combined presence of Dimethicone and Glycerin (emollients for the skin) antioxidants and peptides. In particular, the latter rebalance the production of collagen.
In my opinion, really a gentle face acne scar cream, perfect even for the most sensitive skin.
XScar – Kids Silicone Scar Treatment – Price: $$
Acne scar removal product: chemical peeling
Another high level product, made in the USA.
Glycolic acid is a blessing for blemishes and hyperpigmentation, and this Glycolic Acid 30% gel peel is an ideal solution for those looking for a concrete peeling (and renewal) of the skin.
Glycolic acid has many properties for skin care routine. One of the most relevant is the exfoliating and smoothing action, perfect in case of impurities, pimples, marks and acne scars.
Scientifically it eliminate the surface cells of the skin, helèing to remove the “keratin plug” that clogs the pores (also responsible for blackheads). It also helps normalize sebaceous production, therefore improves the deep hygiene of the skin, and really reduces any scarring caused by previous acne forms.
In this serum we also find Retinol (in low concentration, to avoid irritating the skin). Retinol (vitamin A) has been proven to reduce fine lines, wrinkles, promote collagen, and remove dead skin cells for a more rejuvenated & even skin tone appearance.
In the formula of this serum we also find the additions of Green Tea and Chamomile extracts excellent, providing anti-Inflammatory (very important in an aggressive product like this) and anti-bacterial benefits to the skin.
The formula is REALLY strong. You should start off using the peeling twice a week for one minute, then increas the time by 30 seconds per treatment.
I point out one thing. This peeling serum is REALLY powerful. 30% of glycolic acid is a very high concentration. So I recommend using this product very carefully, especially the first few times we apply it.
It would be essential, in my opinion, to check possible skin reaction. A slight redness is acceptable. If it causes excessive dryness, reduce application times and moisturize the skin.
Deionized Water, Glycolic Acid, Octoxynol 10, Hydroxyethylcellulose, Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber) Fruit Extract, Camellia Sinensis Leaf (Green Tea) Leaf Extract, Matricaria Recutita (Chamomile) Flower Extract, Symphytum Officinale (Comfrey) Leaf Extract, Propylene Glycol, Diazolidinyl Urea, Iodopropynyl Butylcarbamate, Retinol Palmitate.
A professionally formulated peel, with a really high concentration of glycolic acid. It penetrates the epidermal and dermal layers of the skin, removes dead skin cells and promotes cell turnover. It really targets hyperpigmentation. This stuff works. 30% of glycolic acid is not a joke. Results will undoubtedly arrive, but be careful with firsts applications!
Perfect Image – Glycolic Acid 30% Gel Peel – Price: $$
Acne scar removal: Best Budget
Mederma is one of the most famous creams in the world, as well as one of the best selling in the USA and Europe.
One of the things that discourage many people when it comes to using scar removal creams to solve their problems is the slow process and the time it takes to see results. Most scars to remove scars can take months to visibly reduce the scars.
But guess what?
Mederma PM Intensive Cream for scars is different from other creams in that aspect, so it is the best option if this is your case. Based on its own analysis, it was clinically proven that an application once a night produces visible results in only 14 nights.
Note: The product is sold both in jars and tubes. However, since exposure to air and light can greatly reduce the effectiveness of antioxidants, I suggest you buy one that comes in a tube container. In addition to product preservation, this packaging can also make dispensing much easier.
Exciting, right? Now, not everything is good news. Although it can give quick results, older scars may need more time to disappear.
Another thing you will like about the product is its formula.
The main ingredient of this healing cream is dimethicone, well known for its healing properties. It has Tripeptol, a formula that uses peptides, collagen and antioxidants.
Together, these three ingredients work to prevent damage from free radicals that can cause premature skin aging.
The cream also contains alcohol. If you have very sensitive skin, this may not be the product for you, since alcohol can be irritating.
A cream that can really lighten acne scars. The only thing is that it could take quite a long time to get to visible results. Other than that it will do a good job. A good cream to clear up marks from acne. On the other hand, I wouldn’t recommend it to completely get rid of deep scars.
Mederma PM – Overnight Scar Cream – Price: $
Best natural acne scar removal cream
Not everyone loves silicone creams. So, what about acne scar creams without silicones?
Pureauty Naturals is a acne scar cream that uses only natural ingredients.
It is based on organic Aloe, Calendula Officinalis and Sodium Hyaluronate to increase skin moisture. These ingredients also help in the natural process of skin repair, helping the scars heal and disappear.
The role of “scar remover” is essentially left to Allium Cepa (Onion) Bulb Extract, Allantoin and Tocopheryl Acetate.
The properties of Vitamin E (Tocopheryl Acetate) are multiple and complex. It is a strong antioxidant, but when applied to wounds, it encourages a rapid healing process.
To get the most out of the product, it is recommended to use it twice a day. Be sure to massage it into your skin until it is completely absorbed.
Allantoin plays the role of antioxidant and manages to protect the scar area from free radicals.
Allium cepa has in its chemical composition Minerals (Potassium, Iron), Vitamins (complex B, Vit. C and E); Flavonoids (quercetin) and Antioxidants. It promotes blood circulation and elasticity of the skin and has healing and anti-inflammatory properties. For these reasons, it is the most known natural substance used in the treatment of scars of any type.
Surprisingly, this product not only works with scars, it can also relieve stretch marks!
The cream comes with a subtle aroma, but it is not annoying since it disappears as soon as the product is absorbed.
Organic Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice, Allium Cepa (Onion) Bulb Extract, Polysorbate 20, Glycerin, Sodium Hyaluronate, Allantoin, Calendula Officinalis Flower Extract, Symphytum Officinale (Comfrey) Rhizome/root Extract, Tocopheryl Acetate, Xanthan Gum, Carbomer, Phenoxyethanol’ Ethylhexylglycerin
A vegan, organic and completely silicone-free acne scar cream. I had doubts about the results, but I have to recognize that the testimonials are very positive (all over the world) and actually the ingredients are of absolute value and quality.
Without a doubt the best natural and silicone-free acne scar cream currently on the market.
Pureauty Naturals – Scar Reduction Gel – Price: $
Silicone-based acne scar removal cream
Have you ever noticed that your scars itch? That is actually a part of the healing process of your wound.
During the inflammatory wound healing process, certain chemicals that cause itching are released. Another possible factor that can cause itching is the stage of proliferation where the skin cells join over the wound.
Now, here is the bad news:
While itching is normal for most scars and wounds, they can cause more problems if they don’t calm down immediately. You see, when you scratch an existing wound or scar, this causes more damage and makes the scar worse.
Aroamas Scar Gel is a product that is formulated to relieve the itching that accompanies scars. And while it calms, it also helps decrease the appearance of your scars.
It is mainly formulated with silicone, to be completely hypoallergenic, soothe and moisturized. (Laurocapram, in the formula, is just a percutaneous enhancer).
Now, if you wonder how effective this product is, this scar gel is actually used by people who underwent surgery, such as cleft lip, breast augmentation, and other procedures.
Although it is effective, the cream may not offer quick results, especially if it is used on most old scars. You may have to use it for longer and more frequently (twice a day) to get the results you are looking for.
In any case, it is also a great product as acne scar cream, scientifically able to bring great improvements (and pain relief) to acne scars.
Medical grade Silicone oil, Carbomer, Water soluble Laurocapram, Pure Water.
Medical grade silicone is a component that has been multi-studied and scientifically supported by countless studies regarding scar and acne scar treatment.
This by Aroamas is one of the most well-known anti-scar creams in the world, also characterized by excellent value for money.
One of the best-selling scar removal and acne scar product in the USA. I definitely recommend it.
Acne dark spot cream
The Proactiv Company is a leader focused on the global consumer acne market. Based in the US, it has a joint venture between Nestlé Skin Health S.A
Proactive Advanced is a serum that specializes in removing acne spots and blemishes.
It is a rather delicate serum, with few very targeted active ingredients. The two most important active ingredients are indeed Hydroquinone and Hippophae Rhamnoides.
Hydroquinone helps limit skin from creating an excess amount of melanin, which is what gives skin its color. Too much melanin clustered together leads to the brown spots. Hydroquinone steps in to interrupt this process, causing brown spots to gradually fade.
With daily usage, you can reasonably expect a hydroquinone-based skin-lightening product to produce visible results within 1-2 months.
It’s essential that your hydroquinone product be packaged in an opaque container that minimizes air exposure. Hydroquinone degrades in the presence of air, which means it should not come packaged in a jar.
Hippophae Rhamnoides Oil is one of the most widely used medicinal plants on the planet and today it supports traditional Chinese, Indian and Tibetan medicine. It is a plant extract rich in vitamins A, B1, B12, C, E, K and P, flavonoids, lycopene, carotenoids, phytosterols, folic acid, Omega 3, palmitoleic acid, calcium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium and sodium.
It is a substance well known in the East for the treatment of skin problems. Omega 3 fatty acids reduce inflammation, while vitamin E helps to quickly reactivate the epidermis, soothe wounds and reduce scarring. Hippophae Rhamnoides is very effective against burns, sunburns, cuts, dermatitis, acne and acne scars.
Active ingredient: Hydroquinone 2.
Inactve ingredients: Water, Alcohol Denat., Peg-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil, Polysorbate 20, Hippophae Rhamnoides Oil, Hydroxyethylcellulose, Sodium Metabisulfite, Sodium Sulfite, Disodium Edta, Citric Acid, 1,2-Hexanediol, Caprylyl Glycol, Fragrance.
A cream specifically designed for lighten dark spots and / or acne marks. And in this, it succeeds very well in the task. Let’s just pay attention to Hydroquinone which is a very effective lightener. Follow the directions and possibly start with treatments 2 times a week, at least at the beginning.
The results will be practically certain and will also help to fade any acne scars.
Proactiv – Advanced Dark Spot Serum – Price: $$
Best acne scar treatment: silicone sheets
Medical grade silicone scar removal sheets are one of the most recommended treatment for scars
As we have seen previously, they are plates of various sizes of a special breathable silicone that allows the passage of oxygen preventing the maceration of the skin. The main mechanism of action is the compression on the scar which mechanically inhibits hypertrophy and therefore the growth of collagen and improves spots by compressing the thin capillaries.
Silicone is also believed to be able to retain a high level of humidity in the treated skin, promoting soft skin and preventing the formation of anomalies in the structure of the skin (Keloid or hypertrophic Scars)
To better get used to the sheets, use these acne scar products for 1-2 hours the first days. Then increase the application time by 30 minutes, until reaching a maximum of 8-12 hours a day.
They are quite expensive but very useful products as long as you use them properly. It is sufficient to choose small silicone sheets so that each scar is covered with an excess of about 1 cm on each side.
The silicone sheets must be left in place for as long as possible (at least 4-6 hours, for example at night). In some other locations, it may be useful to apply externally a compression garment in lycra or stretch cotton such as, for example, a glove, a band, etc. The silicone sheets can be washed and used many times.
Silicone scar removal sheets are medical devices. Their use of both mature scars and acne scars can give excellent results, especially when we use them for several hours.
For example, an ideal use could be overnight. 8 hours of application every night, for 1 month can really make a big difference and give excellent results.
It should also be said that applying the sheets on the face is uncomfortable and that is why they are not used too much as face acne scar treatment.
Aroamas – Silicone Scar Sheets – Price: $$
Best acne scar treatment
Scar Esthetique is one of the most recommended and used scar creams today.
This scar treatment is designed to act very well on any type of scar, including surgical scars, post-op scars, traumatic scars as well as acne scars.
It is a really effective acne scar cream removal, due to active ingredients as anti-oxidants, polypeptides, natural botanicals and skin lightener.
We find Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract, an active principles scientifically known for its skin depigmenting properties. Therefore ideal in case of dark spots.
Ubiquinone, also known as coenzyme Q10, can really help skin to appear smoother and healthier by neutralizing free radicals.
Ubiquinone has also been found to assist cells in building collagen and elastin, therefore reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles
Similarly, retinol (Retinyl Palmitate) promotes the natural radiance of the skin, regenerating melanin to counteract the formation of unsightly dark spots.
If we have skin discolorations such as dark spots, this cream is truly one of the best we can use.
Allantoin, which is ideal for combating the signs left by acne, is a powerful antioxidant and promotes healing of the skin.
The high concentration of Palmitoyl Oligopeptide, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7, and Allium Cepa (Onion) Bulb Extract is a real plus.
Peptides help to elasticize the skin (they are also often used in anti-wrinkle creams!) and guarantee correct collagen production. It is a very important process in an acne scar cream, where collagen is often produced in unbalanced amounts during the healing process.
Finally, I have to mention the Allium Cepa (Onion) Bulb Extract. As we’ve seen before, Onion extract gel is a safe vegetal active ingredient that significantly improves scar appearance after a few weeks of once-daily application.
Aqua (Water), Dimethicone, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7, Saccharomyces Lysate , Arnica Montana Flower Extract, Allium Cepa (Onion) Bulb Extract, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Cetyl Palmitate, Glycerin, Ceteareth-20, Cetyl Alcohol, Ascorbyl Palmitate, Squalene, Retinyl Palmitate, Pinus Pinaster Bark Extract, Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter), Beta-Carotene, Ubiquinone , Copper Gluconate, Glucosamine, Algae Extract, Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract, Allantoin, Laminaria Japonica Extract (Seaweed), Bisabolol, Chitosan, Calendula Officinalis Flower Extract, Sodium Hyaluronate, Phospholipids, Methylparaben, Steareth-2, Phytosphingosine
Rejuvaskin Esthetique is a cream that really contains all the most known active ingredients in today’s scientific scar treatment field. A silicone base to guarantee softness to the skin. Vitis Vinifera to lighten the skin. Ubiquinone assists cells in building collagen and elastin. Vegetable antioxidants (for example Shea Butter) to counteract free radicals. Peptides (Palmitoyl Oligopeptide, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7) to regulate the production of collagen and allow to “restructure” the skin.
You can agree or not on the results that each of us will have with this cream, but there is no doubt that the formula is truly complete.
Rejuvaskin – Scar Esthetique – Price: $$
Best acne scar removal cream
We conclude with a scar cream that is able to improve the skin on atrophic and keloid scars, as well as for more serious acne scars.
Xscar silicone is a moisturizing lotion based on medical-grade silicone and vitamin E. It is formulated to improve the appearance of scars on all skin types. The lotion can be applied in the course of 6-12 months for optimal effects.
The active ingredients that make the difference in this acne scar cream are Cyclopentasiloxane and Cyclohexasiloxane.
These silicones have several studies supporting the benefits that can lead to scarring.
The cross-links of the silicones, in fact, are able to lead to a structural, discolored and thickness reduction of the scars. The action takes place in 4 moments:
- Increased hydration of the stratum corneum, with consequent improvement in the production of fibroblasts and reduction in the production of collagen: this determines a softer and flatter scar allowing the physiological perspiration of the skin.
- Protection of scar tissue from bacterial contamination which would stimulate excessive production of collagen in the tissue itself.
- Modulation of the expression of growth factors; fibrogenesis is balanced with respect to fibrinolysis.
- Reduction of itching and discomfort associated with scars.
The result is that the silicone-based creams for scars are able to soften and rebalance the skin that shows anomalous discoloration or “structures”.
Of course, this applies both if we are looking for an acne scar cream, or a scar cream for wounds or after-surgical operation.
Its application is transparent, non-greasy, fragrance-free and hypoallergenic.
Water, Dimethicone, Isopropyl Myristate, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Butylene Glycol, Glyceryl Stearate, Cyclopentasiloxane, Glycerin, Ceteareth 20, Cyclohexasiloxane, Argania Spinosa (argan) Kernel Oil, Palmitoyl Tripeptide-1, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7, glycation, Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate, Sodium Hyaluronate, Tocopheryl Acetate, Polyacrylate-13, Polyisobu-tene, Polysorbate 20, Triethanolamine, Carbomer, Disodium EDTA, Phenoxyethanol, Caprylyl Glycol, DMDM Hydantoin
A scar cream that can really adapt to any need. Not only to rebalance acne-damaged skin, but also often used as a post-wound or post-surgical treatment.
The presence of medical grade silicones combined with antioxidants makes it one of the most effective ever.
It is the cream that I recommend if we are looking for certain results, despite being quite expensive.
XScar – Silicone Scar Treatment – Price: $$$
Acne scar: definition, prevention, treatments
Poorly treated comedogenic acne, or inflammatory acne such as papulopustular or nodular acne, can lead to permanent consequences, such as skin spots and / or scars.
When a tissue undergoes an injury, the body reacts by triggering a series of mechanisms aimed at repairing the injury. These mechanisms correspond to the inflammatory response, which has the task of eliminating the harmful agents or the cause of the injury, triggering the process of damage repair. If the damage affects the texture of the extracellular matrix, the repair involves the formation of a scar.
The acne scar is the outcome of inflammation: but the more severe and lasting the inflammation, the easier it will cause scar consequences.
The cicatricial outcomes of acne are generally of two types: “atrophic” such as skin depressions, convex with respect to the surrounding skin, or “hypertrophic” that is, raised above the surrounding skin, that is concave.
Atrophic scars are mainly localized on the face and are easily recognizable by the thin and wrinkled appearance that creates a “wavy skin” effect.
Hypertrophic scars, or keloids, generally located on the trunk, are thick and create a dip.
The post-acne scars are initially reddish, then turn pink and finally take on the coloring of the surrounding skin; in subjects with a darker skin type, in the initial stages, they may be dark in color (hyperpigmented). To improve the appearance of acne scars, it is essential to first identify the type of scars from which you are affected: atrophic or hypertrophic!
The histological basis of atrophic scars is the damage that the dermis undergoes as a result of the inflammation that occurs in acne disease. This inflammatory process generates consistent destruction of collagen. The overlying cells no longer have the support offered by the collagen of the dermis and therefore all this causes a disk-shaped depression, which is the atrophic scar (which is deep and narrow).
For the treatment of atrophic scars, the use of acne scar treatments that replenish the collagen reserves of the skin is recommended!
Why an acne scar form?
Acne scars are the marks left on the skin by remission from boils, cysts, and abscesses. If the acne manifestation has been intense and prolonged, in fact, the ability of the skin to regenerate itself naturally and to replace the superficial layers of the damaged skin is put to the test.
When this happens, in correspondence with the location of the inflammatory lesions, reliefs or depressions remain which give the skin an irregular and aesthetically annoying course.
The function of the scars is to form a new tissue when the skin suffers an injury or cut.
Acne scars are characterized by having a different color compared to the normal skin; mostly appear in white or pink and may be much more sensitive to touch, than the rest of the skin surface.
Although the function of scars is to form a new tissue when the skin suffers an injury, its irregular and rough appearance can be very unpleasant when it comes to beauty.
Scratches, accidental cuts, burns, wounds and dermatological diseases are some of the most common reasons why these marks can originate on the surface of the skin.
What are the causes of acne scars?
The causes of the scars are due to an inability of the skin to regenerate the outer skin layers damaged by inflammation. The production of collagen, the protein that constitutes the connective tissue, is altered and the replacement of the scarred areas slow.
How to prevent acne scars?
Scar prevention is implemented by observing some rules:
- Start acne scar treatment as soon as possible.
- Do not crush or squeeze pimples.
- If abscesses are formed, treat them immediately with antibiotic infiltration.
What are the most used products for acne scar?
Products to get rid of acne scars include:
- Acne scar removal creams based on silicone
- Acne scar treatments based on peptides
- Acne scar removal sheets (silicone-based)
- Layers removal via peeling and exfoliating chemicals
Here is everything we need to know about acne scar creams and acne scar treatments in general.
I periodically update the acne scar treatments seen in this article. So … the products may change!
As always, I remind you that I am always available in the comments below.